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When was first perfume created and what perfumes are?

The history of perfume dates back to very ancient times. The oldest knowledge about perfume is from 3000 BC and have been found in Egypt. The word "perfume" comes from Latin per fume - "through smoke". The French later gave the name "parfum" to the pleasant smells that drift through the air from burning incense.

One of the oldest uses of perfumes comes form the burning of incense and aromatic herbs used in religious services, often the aromatic gums, frankincense and myrrh, gathered from trees. The Egyptians were the first to incorporate perfume into their culture followed by the ancient Chinese, Hindus, Israelites, Carthaginians, Arabs, Greeks, and Romans. The earliest use of perfume bottles is Egyptian and dates to around 1000 BC. The Egyptians invented glass and perfume bottles were one of the first common uses for glass.
Linking the past and present of the perfume industry are the Arabs. The process of extracting oils from flowers by means of distillation, (the procedure most commonly used today), was developed by Avicenna, the Arabian doctor unto was also a chemist. He first experimented with the rose. Until his discovery, liquid perfumes were mixtures of oil and crushed herbs, or petals which made a strong blend. Rose water was more delicate, and immediately became popular.
During the reign of Catherine de Medici in France perfumes flourished. Catherine brought her own perfumer, Rene le Florentin from Italy, with her. His laboratory was connected with her apartments by a secret passageway, so that no formulas could be stolen en route.

Perfumes are a complex mixture of carefully selected fragrances in order to achieve the desired effect affecting the sense of smell. One vial of perfume can contain hundreds of components, that's why the best perfumes are not the cheapest. In any fragrance different aromas come together and penetrate each other, giving the original result very difficult to forge. Each fragrance has its "own life", changing all the time on the skin of the person who uses them. The impression which perfume makes on us at the first contact, does not reflect it's "soul", as the scent develops in three stages. Fragrance is a complex mixture of many flavors, called "notes".

The perfume always has three notes:

Top Note (also called a head note), which is felt immediately after opening the bottle of perfume.

Middle note (the heart note), which is the most durable and released after a few minutes and lasts for approximately 2 hours.

Base note (the base note), which is crucial to the nature of the composition. It can last from tens of minutes and usually to the final fading.

Scents that we use have to reflect our personality. Since each person is different so there is a huge amount of smells so that everyone can find something that suits him best.
Odor intensity depends on the amount of aroma oils contained in the alcohol. There are the following types:

Parfum (Perfume, Parfume)
It is a luxury, especially if it's signed by a well-known brand manufacturers such as Chanel. Perfumes contain 15-40% concentration of perfume oils, which are dissolved in alcohol. This ensures us their long lasting. However, because of their price, they are not very common in perfumeries.

Eau de Parfum (EDP)
This is the most common type of smell. The percentage of perfume oils ranges from 10-15%. Such a concentration of fragrance makes perfume last longer on skin than toilet water. They usually occur in the female varieties of scents.

Eau de Toilette (EDT)
Are very popular fragrances with a concentration of fragrance notes from 4 to 10%. The result is that this variation occurs in the vast majority of fragrances for men and a large part of the fragrances for women. These products are generally lighter than eau de perfume, and less lasting, and also cheaper. Women usually choose them as every day fragrance.
Eau de Cologne (EDC)
Colognes contain in its composition about 3-5% perfume oil dissolved in a considerable concentration of alcohol (80%).
Testers / unbox
They may be more intensified in base note, which makes them stronger and longer lasting. Testers are used in traditional perfumeries, to enable customers to try the perfume on her skin. In addition:
- Testers are always cheaper
- Products marked "TESTER", are usually in gray, cardboard box, or does not have it at all. But always it is well protected by us so as to reach the customer intact
- Sometimes a tester pack corresponds to a given line of fragrance, the only difference is the determination TESTER
- Testers sometimes do not have a cap imposed on the spray head

How to choose perfume for yourself?

Choosing the appropriate scent is a challenge. Each perfume shop has to offer hundreds of smells, but which one is the right one? If you like the perfume which you wear now and you would like just to change it slightly, it is best to look for information about fragrance notes of perfumes, which is currently using. If, for example, your perfume is musk, it is very likely that you'll like the other containing the musk notes. The other hand, if you have not we found a perfume that fits you or need to change it, in this case to go in the morning to the traditional perfumery. It's not recommended to test a large number of perfumes (max. 4), which have a different scent on the skin and on a paper strip. Most of us do not have the patience to smell odors and we are tempted by the first note. Meanwhile, one decides it is not their true nature. As the longest who will accompany us is the last note, it is important to her to survive. The ideal solution is to try the smell on the fingers. So instead of two, three scents you can test their ten. Then during the day calmly wait and see how you feel with him.

When choosing your scent is worth considering what smells you like. Herbs? Fruit? Flowers?

Fragrances can be thus divided into several categories, such as:

- Floral (where dominates one or more flowers), it is the largest group of fragrances with a floral heart: Flower by Kenzo, Lolita Lempicka, Chloe Chloe, Azzaro Twin for woman, Banana Republic W, Burberry London, Weelend for Women, Bvlgari Mon Jasmon Noir, Cacharel Anais Anais, Calvin Klein Eternity, Carolina Herrera 212 Ice, Dior Addict 2, Dior J'adore, Dolce & Gabbana Rose The One, DKNY Be Delicious Fresh Blossom, Escada Especially, Gucci Flora By Gucci 

- Woody (in which you can recognize most of warm and mysterious sandalwood and drier and sharper cedar), resin-like and balmy exotic sorts usually accompanied with aromatic and curtsy notes. Eg. CK Truth, Kenzo Pour Homme, Donna Karan Essence Wenge, Escada pour Homme Light Solver Edition, Givenchy Very Irresistible Summer for Men 2006, Versace Green Jeans

- Leather (include here the honey and tobacco), like Paco Rabanne 1Million, Dunhill Pursuit, Shiseido Zen for Men,

- Chypre (including bergamot and resin), it was named like this after perfume Coty Chypre created in 1917. Chypre means Cyprus in French. This sharp scent is based on harmony of oak moss, labdanum, patchouli and bergamot. Eg. Christian Dior Miss Dior, Gucci pour Homme, Lacoste L.12.12 for men, Lancome Trophee.

- Water (ocean scents, fresh), eg, Davidoff Cool Water Woman, Giorgio Armani Acqua di Gio, Bulgari Aqua Pour Homme Marine, Kenzo L'eau par Kenzo

- Oriental (also called amber, composed of the warm balsamic notes), extremely warm and sensual. Their bouquet usually includes such substances as musk, vanilla, accompanied with exotic flowers and spices.  Such as Rush Gucci, YSL Opium, Joop! Joop Homme, Azzaro Pour Homme Elixir, Burberry Brit New Year Edition, Bvlgari Omnia, Chanel Allure Home Edition Blanche, D & G The One Gentleman, Paco Rabanne Ultraviolet Liquid Crystal Woman

- Aromatic (usually masculine scents) usually combined of sage, rosemary, cumin, lavender and other plants, so the result is very intensive grass-spicy scent.  Eg. Azzaro Aqua Verde, Eternity Summer for Men 2009, Green Tea Exotic Elizabeth Arden

- Citrus (include scents such as tangerine, citrus, pomelo, bergamot), these fragrances are old and abundant. Composition is based on lemon, orange, bergamot, grapefruit, mandarin.. Examples of citrus perfumes are:  D & G Light Blue, Burberry Weekend for men, Mexx Mexx woman

- Green creates a juicy notes of exotic grasses and green plants, they include Elizabeth Arden Green Tea, Chanel Cristall Eau Verte,

- Herbal (built on lavender), eg XY Hugo Boss, Christian Dior Homme Sport.

How not to buy a fake?

Due to the high popularity, branded perfumes like clothing, are often counterfeit. You can easily find on the internet or in the bazaars. First of all be suspicious if you see that price is unbelievably low. If in online shop you see that offered perfumes prices are very attractive, sometimes even extremely low - think twice when making purchases. It's just impossible for 100ml Chanel perfume to cost 40 - 50 Euro,  or for example 100ml edt Christian Dior Fahrenheit below 50 Euro cost, because these are one of the most respected brands.
So it is recommended to buy products exclusively in companies:
· The object of which is the sale of perfumery,
· With which you can easily get in touch by phone or mail,
· Offering to personally receive goods or shipping cash on delivery,
· Offering the opportunity to return the goods within a period of at least 10 days of purchase (online shopping)
· With positive feedback from buyers,
· Referrals by friends.